Volume 3 Issue 13 - July 01, 2005
India has 21.9 million disabled; Visual impairment highest of all disabilities
DNIS News Network - The Registrar-General of India recently released break-up figures for disability following the analysis of Census 2001 data.
The National Census is one of the greatest administrative exercises that the Indian Government undertakes to not only keep count of its citizens but to identify the basic profile that serve as the basis for policy formulation.
Therefore the successful struggle to get disability included in the Census 2001 was a great achievement, yet the modest count of persons with disability is hard to believe.
According to the recent data out of 21.9 million disabled people in the country – that constitutes about 2.13 per cent of the total population - 1.03 per cent are visually impaired, 0.16 per cent speech impaired, 0.12 per cent ‘hearing’ impaired, 0.59 per cent ‘movement’ impaired and 0.22 per cent ‘mentally’ disabled of the total national population.
The 2001 Census figures show that the highest percentage (48.5) of disabled is in the visual impairment category followed by the disability in ‘movement’ (27.9 percent). The lowest percentage (5.8) has been reported for hearing disability.
A higher percentage of disabled women are in the visually impaired and hearing impaired categories. In the case of males a higher percentage has been reported in the ‘movement disability’ and ‘mental disability’ categories.
The number of disabled people is increasing across all age groups. Disability has afflicted a higher percentage of males than females.
Three out of five children, among the disabled, in the age group of 0-9 years have been reported to be visually impaired. This declines initially and increases with age to reach a high of 51.9 per cent among those aged 60 years and above. Speech disability afflicts the younger population more whereas hearing disability is more of an ‘old age’ phenomenon.
Movement disability has the highest proportion (33.2 per cent) in the age group of 10-19 but is spread more or less uniformly across the broad age groups. This is largely true of ‘mental’ disability also except that the proportion of the disabled at 4.8 per cent is low for the elderly.
Disability sector feels that the Census result is highly underestimated. It claims that 5 % of population has one disability or the other.
It was quite a struggle for the disability sector to get disability included in Census 2001. However, Census Commission did not take adequate steps to educate the enumerators or create public awareness on the issue. However, it is certainly a good beginning to collect data on disability. The subsequent Censuses will be more realistic.
DNIS is produced and managed by:
National Centre for Promotion of Employment for Disabled People
Screening Guidelines to be followed by CISF Security Staff for Passengers with Disabilities at Indian Airports
Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill
Mental Health Care Bill
CRPD Monitoring Report
20 Stories of Change(book)
- List of Awardees 2015 :NCPEDP MPHASIS Universal Design Awards (2.7 MB)
- List of Awardees 2014 :NCPEDP MPHASIS Universal Design Awards (1 MB)
- List of Awardees 2013 :NCPEDP MPHASIS Universal Design Awards (1.44 MB)
- List of Awardees 2012 :NCPEDP MPHASIS Universal Design Awards (804 KB)
- List of Awardees 2011 :NCPEDP MPHASIS Universal Design Awards (864 KB)
- List of Awardees 2010 :NCPEDP MPHASIS Universal Design Awards (623 KB)
SHELL HELEN KELLER AWARDS
NCPEDP-Shell Helen Keller Awardees 2013
- D.R.G. demands a Separate Ministry on Disability Issues
- Zonal Consultation to operationalise Comprehensive Plan of Action for Inclusive Education
- Inclusive Education is high on priority for U.G.C : Rajasekaran Pillai
- Society, American or Indian, must regard all citizens as potentially contributing citizens: Avraham
- D.R.G.â€™s demand for separate Ministry, a step in right direction: Justice Anand
- Mumbai H.C. wants Braille E.V.M.s at all polling booths; directs C.E.O. to publicise
- Public buildings flaunting disability regulations not to be certified: M.C.D.
- Ministry of Social Justice releases Draft National Policy for Persons with Disabilities
- India has 21.9 million disabled; Visual impairment highest of all disabilities
- Despite hike unemployed persons with disabilities in Punjab get less than non-disabled counterparts
- Disability group in A.P. threatens legal recourse over withdrawal of disability allowance
- Case filed against Indian Airlines for discrimination against disabled passengers
- National conference on disability organised in Delhi
- Learning forum for livelihoods promotion for disabled persons
Disability News and Information Service is produced and managed by: