The Disability Act 1995 has clear provisions for a 3 per cent reservation for disabled people in the government and public sectors.
The Act, when implemented, made provisions for a specific list of jobs for disabled people in government and public sector. However, this list categorises disability only under orthopaedic disability, hearing and speech disability and visual impairment. So far there had been no effort to list jobs for mentally disabled people.
With disability activists raising this issue, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment is understood to have ordered its arm -- NIMH -- to propose a list of job categories for mentally disabled people.
The job list, meant for public sector undertakings, has 66 types of jobs listed, which include baggage handlers, paste makers, rug cleaners and table boys, to name a few.
The nine-page comprehensive document clarifies how India "is yet to make a breakthrough for vocational training and placement of adult persons with mental retardation" and that there is a need to consolidate a good model for contractual jobs in the public sector.